Houses in Multiple Occupation - HMO

Houses in Multiple Occupations (HMO)

Your home is a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) if both of the following apply:

  • at least 3 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • you share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

Your property is a mandatory licensable HMO if all of the following apply:

  • at least 5 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • you share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

A household is either a single person or members of the same family who live together. A family includes people who are:

  • married or living together
  • relatives or half-relatives, e.g. grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings
  • step-parents and step-children

Buildings which have been converted into self-contained flats can fall under the definition of a Section 257 HMO. To be classed as Section 257 HMOs all the below should apply:

  • Buildings containing flats were the building work undertaken in connection with the conversion did not comply with the appropriate building standards and still does not comply with them;
  • Less than two thirds of the flats are Owner Occupier;
  • There are no shared facilities such as toilets, bathrooms or kitchens within the block;
  • There are at least 3 residents making up more than 1 household in the block.
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